Too often, the college campus is an echo chamber, in which only opinions that align with a majority viewpoint are heard and discussed. ACTA’s Heroes of Intellectual Freedom initiative honors those members of the academic community who protect and foster the diversity of viewpoints that is the lifeblood of liberal education. In 1859, John Stuart Mill admonished, “Complete liberty of contradicting and disproving our opinion is the very condition which justifies us in assuming its truth for purposes of action.” We need, more than ever, campus heroes who will ensure that higher education is a sanctuary for the unfettered freedom to question and debate, and thereby promote human progress and human flourishing.
Professor of Mathematics at University of California–Davis
In December 2019, Professor Thompson wrote an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal titled “The University’s New Loyalty Oath,” which challenged the University of California’s use of diversity statements in faculty hiring. Her article demonstrated how the rubric for assessing applicants’ diversity statements was not ideologically neutral and indeed hostile to those who adhere to classical liberalism and other viewpoints that regard each person as a unique individual, not simply a representative of an identity group. She argued articulately that such hiring practices have the potential to limit academic freedom and intellectual diversity in the academy. Professor Thompson succeeded in making this a high profile issue that has galvanized and gained significant support.
Professor of Politics at Sarah Lawrence College
In October 2018, Samuel Abrams published an editorial in the New York Times titled “Think Professors Are Liberal? Try School Administrators?” The essay explored ideological imbalance within his college’s leadership and called for greater viewpoint diversity. Following the piece, students vandalized his property and called for his dismissal. Despite strident opposition, Professor Abrams continues to advocate for academic freedom and remains committed to his pedagogical aims.
To listen to an episode of ACTA’s podcast, Higher Ed Now, with Professor Abrams, click here >>
Associate Professor of Biology at Williams College
Professor Maroja joined a faculty initiative in fall 2018 to endorse the Chicago Principles at Williams College and boldly recounted her experiences in an online article titled “Freedom of Speech at Williams College: Are the Walls Closing In?” During a faculty meeting about freedom of expression, students burst in carrying signs that said “free speech harms” and demanded that white, male professors sit down and “acknowledge their privilege.” Professor Maroja tried to reason with the students. In the article, she described how as a Hispanic woman, she has experienced prejudice, but feels that freedom of expression is essential to the academic experience. Having grown up in Brazil under a dictatorship, she explained that she understands the grave consequences of censorship, and that it has no place at Williams College. She is committed to her role as an educator, continues to advocate for academic freedom, and published an excellent essay in The Atlantic “Self-censorship on Campus Is Bad for Science.”
President of Cornell University
Martha Pollack began her presidency at Cornell University in spring 2017 after 17 years at the University of Michigan. Since the moment that President Pollack took office, she has been an outspoken supporter of free expression. In her first interview with the student paper, she re-affirmed the importance of academic freedom. President Pollack has invited fellow free speech advocates, including Nadine Strossen, to speak on the topic. She also spoke out urging faculty to take more intellectual risks and not to worry about reprimand. As far too many professors fail to speak out due to fear of punishment, it is encouraging to see that Cornell’s leader reaffirms free expression as a core value of the academy.
President of Pitzer College
Prior to joining Pitzer College, Melvin Oliver served as executive dean at University of California–Santa Barbara’s College of Letters and Science and was a professor of sociology at University of California–Los Angeles. During the 2018–2019 academic year, Pitzer’s faculty voted to end the college’s study abroad program in Haifa, Israel, as part of the Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) movement. President Oliver earned the praise of academic freedom advocates by swiftly vetoing this proposal, citing the academic and religious freedom of students who wish to study in Israel. After the faculty vote failed, the College Council, composed of students, faculty, and staff, again voted to end Pitzer’s program in Haifa. President Oliver again decided not to implement this recommendation and wrote a thoughtful and respectful piece articulating his view.
President of Brown University
Christina Paxson assumed the role of president at Brown University in 2012. Prior to that, she served as a professor of economics and public policy. President Paxson has been vocal concerning issues of academic freedom during her tenure as president. She was put to the test, however, when Brown’s student council voted that the university should divest from companies that operate in Israel. The university was in no way obligated to implement the students’ recommendation nor respond to it, but President Paxson chose to explain why she would not be divesting from Israel.
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