ACTA is an independent, non-profit organization committed to academic freedom, excellence, and accountability at America's colleges and universities.

ACTA is an independent, non-profit organization committed to academic freedom, excellence, and accountability at America's colleges and universities.

ACTA is an independent, non-profit organization committed to academic freedom, excellence, and accountability at America's colleges and universities.

  • To be ignorant of history, wrote Cicero, is to be a child forever. Centuries later, Thomas Jefferson admonished our young republic that freedom and ignorance can never exist together.

    American higher education has generally abandoned its obligation to prepare graduates who have the knowledge and understanding to take up meaningful roles in our free society. ACTA is working hard to change that.


    Understanding the Problem

    Our first task is to help the American public and higher education trustees and policymakers understand the extent of the problem. In 1999 ACTA commissioned the Center for Survey Research and Analysis at the University of Connecticut to survey seniors at the nation’s 55 most prestigious colleges and universities to see if they could answer basic questions on the nation’s history. These questions were typical of a standard high school curriculum, many of them replicating questions from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The shocking results—81% of these seniors from elite institutions received the equivalent of a “D” or “F”—would soon reverberate through the U.S. Capitol itself.

    "History is a discipline in decline. There is a profound ignorance not only among students but among their teachers as well. This study confirms that."

    — Oscar Handlin, University Professor Emeritus at Harvard University

    On President’s Day, February 21, 2000, ACTA reported the findings in its report, Losing America’s Memory. Historical Illiteracy in the 21st Century,” with the endorsement of historian David McCullough. Congress moved quickly. On June 30 of that year, Concurrent Resolution 129, introduced by Senator Joseph Lieberman on behalf of Senators Gorton, Smith, Cleland, Byrd, Conrad, Bennett, and Grams, and unanimously adopted, took note of ACTA’s survey. The Concurrent Resolution called for boards of trustees and college administrators, as well as state officials responsible for public higher education, to review their standards and add requirements for the study of United States history.

    What Will They Learn?™ Project

    ACTA continues to monitor the state of historical knowledge among college students. The What Will They Learn?™ project takes note of which schools require American history or government and which do not. In 2012, we commissioned Gfk Roper OmniTel to survey college graduates again. Unfortunately, the findings were as dismal as the initial survey. Only 17% of college graduates could identify Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address as the source of the phrase, “Government of the people, by the people, for the people.” Only 20% could identify James Madison as the “Father of the Constitution.” Nearly two-thirds were unaware that the term of a U.S. Senator is six years, and 43% could not even identify the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

    Engaging the Public, Trustees, and Policymakers

    In 2012, ACTA testified before the U.S. Congress, endorsing the restoration of a day of commemoration on George Washington's actual birthday. In 2008, ACTA coordinated the publication and release of E Pluribus Unum, a report by The Bradley Project designed to start a conversation about America’s National Identity. The product of a two-year study involving a number of our nation’s leading academics, public figures, journalists, educators and policy experts, it has attracted hundreds of thousands of viewers to its website. In 2003, with support from the Daniels Foundation, ACTA quickly responded to a call from civic leaders and scholars at the White House Forum on American History, Civics, and Service and issued We the People, A Resource Guide to Promoting Historical Literacy for Governors, Legislators, Teachers, and Citizens. Through op-eds and newspaper opinion pieces, ACTA reminds the public of all that our nation loses if it forgets its past. We are in constant contact with trustees, making them aware of the need to ensure a general education requirement for all students that ensures their basic understanding of this nation and its free institutions. And little by little, colleges and universities are rising to the challenge.


    What Will They Learn? 2017-18

    October 2017 by ACTA |  

    The idealism of the information age has given way to serious concerns about the proliferation of misinformation, which travels faster than you can say “retweet.” Americans rely on their… Continue Reading >>

    No U.S. History?

    July 2016 |  

    Just as July 4th celebrations are set to begin, ACTA's new report, No U.S. History? How College History Departments Leave the United States out of the Major, reveals that… Continue Reading >>

    A Crisis in Civic Education

    January 2016 by ACTA |  

    The Founders admonished that informed, engaged citizens would be the indispensable guardian of our liberty. ACTA’s surveys, however, administered over the past two decades, reveal that our schools—and… Continue Reading >>


    The best way to change future is to understand history

    The Badger Herald
    September 04, 2018 by Adam Ramer |

    According to a recent study from the American Council of Trustees and Alumni, vast majorities of college students could not correctly answer basic questions on civics. From identifying protections… Continue Reading >>

    Teach the Constitution

    The Hill
    August 31, 2018 by Timothy S. Huebner |

    As students and professors return to classes in a deeply polarized America, colleges and universities should consider an addition to their curricula.  Let’s make knowing something about… Continue Reading >>

    Opinion: Students need a civics education now more than ever

    Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
    August 14, 2018 by Christian Schneider |

    For any incoming college freshman, stumbling onto campus the first day has to be a disorienting experience. There’s so much you don’t know, ranging from where to eat to where your classes… Continue Reading >>